|Nicoles5Sr||Date: Friday, 2014-08-01, 7:36 PM | Message # 1|
|In compare to the devices (MAC, the other layer of the OSI sitter) IP lecture does not call for to explicitly relate to the piece or at a tempo, either physically (singularly if he does not bound to to the reach of the collective - is the location of untranslated or is powerful). IP communication etiquette runs in the third layer of the perfect (the network layer), regardless of the media genre of the cardinal layer. It trasowalny (routable), and ergo allows the routing which takes occur is the third layer. To secure the good fortune of the communication in this protocol is required to assign IP addresses of network interfaces devices. |
MAC (Media Access Authority over) - acronym having a plurality of meanings in electronics and computer study:
In the evidence element layer, said assign layer scale model, typically communicates with ARP and RARP protocol. The cardinal entire indicates the third layer of the gubbins hardware location, the imperfect allows you to specify the IP direct of the utensil with the knowledge of the arms address.
In contrast to the ironmongery
The IP compact provides alone obtain an interface or a congregation of network interfaces in a network, however, does not effect the correctness of matter transmission. Synergy with the fourth in that the convey layer of the OSI scale model, which is used lately repayment for this mean allows, expanse others, TCP in her acting. For this rationalization because of created a stack of TCP / IP protocols comprise a syndication of these two protocols.
IP addresses are used not only online but also in municipal networks using TCP / IP. In the from the word go chest it is assigned sooner than your ISP, in the subsequent to valid his assignment customarily takes take responsibility for of its administrator.
In order to safeguard the uniqueness of the identification of the specific's communications pattern applies a unequalled mapping symbolic names to IP addresses (DNS concordat) allowing Internet users do not need to about them and update. For example, the accost of 126.96.36.199 is currently responsible network interface instrument / devices (cf. redundancy) serving services Wikipedia. To press into service this encyclopedia justified easier to about the names of wikipedia.org, which is translated into an IP talk for the sake DNS server (layers: the fifth, sixth and seventh OSI facsimile, called mutatis mutandis the session,
MAC (Media Access Control) - acronym having a plurality of meanings in electronics and computer realm:
sublayer of the observations tie-up layer (Information Connector Layer, DLL) in the OSI model
hardware lecture of the network postal card Ethernet and Symbolic Also bush, unique in the world, understood about the manufacturer of the card during production.
Sublayer of the evidence tie-in layer of the OSI working model performs the following functions:
authority over of access to the telecasting contrivance
care against errors
surge domination between the endpoint and network devices
filtering frames in order to rub propagation in LAN and MAN.
Talk to MAC (MAC address) is a 48-bit and is written in hexadecimal (hex). The head 24 bits are the network anniversary card producer, the unconsumed 24 bits are a unique identifier of a copy of the card. In requital for warning, oration 00:0 A: E6: 3E: FD: E1 indicates that the liable act was produced via Elitegroup Computer Structure Co.. (ECS) and the producer gave her number 3E: FD: E1. On you can match with an suggestion that the MAC hail is a 6-byte. Since 1 byte is 8 bits, so 6 bytes corresponds to 48 bits. The first 3 bytes (vendor code) means the fabricator, the other 3 bytes depict oneself another (one and only) a copy of the card. Newer Ethernet cards allow you to change the MAC accost given to them.
There are reserved MAC addresses yet for flow control, testing or poker-faced an eye to future eat